Viability of Different Kinds Of Cement and Its Grades?

Cement is an incredibly popular and the earliest binding product worldwide. There are numerous kinds of cement offered nowadays. Each cement has unique residential or commercial properties and for that reason it is utilized under particular conditions.

A grade of cement shows the strength of cement. The strength of cement is usually determined as compressive strength. The strength of cement is the most crucial of all the cement residential or commercial properties. Compressive strength is usually determined after 28 days of treating for a basic cube. Compressive strength determined in Mega pascal (Mpa) or in N/mm2.

Grades of cement offered in the market:

i) 33 Grade OPC:

The 33-grade cement suggests that the compressive strength of the cement after 28 days is 33N/mm 2 when evaluated according to Indian Standards under basic conditions. This kind of cement is utilized for basic building and construction work under regular ecological conditions.

ii) 43 grade OPC:
• It is the most extensively utilized general-purpose cement.
• For concrete grades as much as M-30, precast components.
• For marine structures however C3A ought to be in between 5– 8%.

iii) 53 grade OPC:
• For concrete grade greater than M-30, PSC works, bridge, roadways, multistoried structures, and so on
• For usage in winter concreting.
• For marine structures however C3A ought to be in between 5– 8%.

iv) Portland Slag Cement (PSC) i.e. OPC + granulated slag: It offers low heat of hydration. The slag ought to be more than 50% and as much as 70%. It is utilized for;
• Marine and overseas structures- really high chloride and sulfate resistance. • Sewage disposal treatments works
• Water treatment plants
• Constructions that are anticipated to be assaulted by liquified chlorides and sulfate ions.
• Must be primarily utilized for all future structures.

v) Portland Pozzolana Cement: IS: 1489( part-I)– 1991 (utilizing flyash):

• It offers low heat of hydration and minimizes the leaching of calcium hydroxide. This cement ought to be utilized just after appropriate assessment. This ought to be evaluated according to IS: 1489 (Pt I)– 1991. It is utilized for:
• hydraulic structures- dams, maintaining walls
• Marine structures
• Mass concrete works- like bridge footings
• under aggressive conditions
• Masonry mortar and plastering.

vi) SRC- Sulphate Resisting Cement: (C3A < < 3%) Sulphate Withstanding Portland Cement is a kind of Portland Cement in which the quantity of tricalcium aluminate (C3A) is limited to lower than 5% and 2C3A + C4AF lower than 25%. The SRC can be utilized for structural concrete anywhere OPC or pay per click or Slag Cement are functional under regular conditions.

Using SRC is especially useful in such conditions where the concrete is exposed to the threat of wear and tear due to sulfate attack, for instance, in contact with soils and groundwaters including extreme quantities of sulfates along with for concrete in seawater or exposed straight to the sea coast.


Various kinds of cement for various Applications: Preferable to Build structures, sewage and water supply in Sulphate resistant cement, RCC in 43 or 53 OPC, Plastering and masonry operate in pay per click.
It will enhance the expense and enhance the quality of building and construction.

Important points

  • Preliminary setting time: According to Indian requirements, the minimum preliminary setting time is thirty minutes. Thinking about the heat conditions dominating in India, it is even more required to demand a greater preliminary setting time for cement e.g. a minimum of 60 minutes.
  • Chemical residential or commercial properties: The chloride material is an extremely crucial requirement impacting the resilience of concrete and is missing out on in IS requirements.
  • The fineness of cement: IS code attends to a minimum particular surface area of 225M2/ Kg other than for Portland Pozzolana Cement. The majority of the Indian cement producers turn to producing cement with increased fineness even greater than 300 most likely to enhance the compressive strength of cement. This is not preferable in heat concreting. It is, for that reason, required to set the ceiling of fineness while purchasing cement or framing agreement conditions for concrete works. The ceiling ought to be around 280.
  • The heat of hydration: Heat of hydration ought to be defined for the kinds of cement for heat concreting it ought to be (i) 7 days << 270 Kj/Kg and for 28 days >< > < 320Kj/Kg. For winter, it ought to be more.

Elements impacting the option of cement: Following aspects govern the option of cement.

  • Resilience Qualities
  • Practical requirement– Deflection, fracture width etc.
  • Style criteria- Strength, fineness, setting time requirement, and so on
  • Speed of building and construction- Time for building and construction etc.
  • Ecological Conditions- Ground conditions, soluble salts, sulfates, Chemical plants, and so on

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